Half of Project Peanut Butter spent Wednesday night at Namandaje village, north of Blantyre.We go their once a fortnight (yes, people say fortnight in Malawi) as a home away from home when we go to very distant villages. It allows us to treat three health centers in two days that are much too far from Blantyre to otherwise serve. We stay with a Catholic priest who has done amazing work in his village! I was so impressed by the medical and educational facilities he was able to support and expand on. Here is Ben (pictured right), a Peace Corp volunteer posted in Namandaje, explaining the latrine project he worked on to me and Ricky (pictured left), a medical student working for Project Peanut Butter.
This project of Ben’s is so powerful because it’s sustainable! A group of parents whose children attend the primary school approached him about getting four more latrines built. There had only been a handful for the 2,000 students! Ben worked with them to write a grant, and a short while later the latrines were built. Ben found out later that the parents he worked with went on to raise even more funds, without his help this time, and built about eight more! The people at the school demonstrated that they now have the skills to plan out a building project, to raise funds, and to implement the plans after this small push from Ben! It’s every exciting and bodes well for the village that they are making huge strides towards improving quality of life with being dependent on outsiders.
Ben recently taught a health class at the secondary school. The culmination of the class was to design some sort of project to improve the health of the community. One group of students had an idea for a hand washing station for their latrines. Ben helped them to make an action plan to implement it and voila! The students built them! Ben is doing such a great job helping the Namandaje villagers get done what they want to get done!
Below are pictures of a boy we treated the day after we were in Namandaje. The boy suffers from kwashiorkor malnutrition. It appears that medically kwashiorkor is not well understood. At its root, though, in this type of malnutrition the body starts collecting water where it shouldn’t be collecting. Typical cases that I see children with kwashiorkor have water pooling in their feet. In children with more severe cases of this malnutrition the water collection, edema, spreads farther up the legs, perhaps to the knee, and shows in the hands and face. The diagnostic tool we use at clinic to determine if swelling is this kwashiorkor caused edema is a simple thumb press into the skin. We push our thumb into the skin for five seconds, withdraw and if there is a discernible pit in the skin after two seconds there is edema.
This boy has severe edema. His face is so swollen that his left eye can’t even open.
This is the boy’s foot after I pressed my thumb for five seconds.
Given the effectiveness of the peanut based food, RUTF, that we give out at Chiponde Clinic, this boy will very likely recover fully from this acute bout of malnutrition within two months. Having seen this boy last fortnight, I can gladly say that his edema is actually resolving!
I’ve been at clinic long enough to be able to see children I enrolled with edema look healthy again and to see very skinny children look a bit chubby. It’s all very exciting!
Almost a year ago now, I was just about to start my first Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) at JPL. NASA had sent out an email to all of their summer interns containing a social media template to announce that we had been selected as NASA interns. Excited to show my NASA pride, I posted it on my Instagram story, unaware of what would come out of this small action.
Hey hey! We’re starting a series where I walk you through my best finds for food and drinks in the Pasadena region, and in the LA metropolitan area. Diners, Drive-ins, and Dives, if you will (although, for copyright reasons we can’t call it that). As you explore your college options, I firmly believe that food and location are more important than your high school guidance counselor may lead you to believe. And I’m here to share my best finds from my time at Caltech with you.
Over the past several months, I have had the opportunity to intern at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) under the mentorship of senior research technologist Dr. Xiaoqing Pi. Dr. Pi’s guidance and mentorship has been instrumental to the development and success of my internship at JPL, where I use machine-learning to enhance the accuracy and integrity of navigation and communication signals. In addition to helping me develop an understanding of atmospheric and ionospheric remote sensing and machine-learning, Dr. Pi has often offered his insights on how to improve my researching skills. Dr. Pi was generous enough to take the time to answer a few questions regarding his research and advice for future student interns. I believe many students can benefit from some of the lessons that he has taught me:
The transition period to remote learning was a very uncertain time, especially for research and the Caltech Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowships (SURF) program. Many hands-on projects had to pivot at the last minute to facilitate off-campus contributions. However, many Techers were able to take advantage of the research opportunities offered at Caltech and JPL to make the best out of remote learning and research. To paint a picture, I’ve interviewed a few talented Techers for some insight on what researching from home looks like for them.